Moles are nothing but small lesions in the skin, a collection of the melanocyte. Melanocytes are nothing but melanin-producing cells which gives skin its colour. If you want it can be easily removed by using mole removal cream or simple surgeries. Moles are usually brownish in colour as can appear rough, flat, raised and some times have hair growing out of them. Moles change appearance sometimes they fade away or just drop off. Many moles occur mainly during pregnancy, adolescence or old age, and during the pre-pubescent time moles usually, grow in number and get darker during your pregnancy and fade away with age. There are four common types of moles are:

Junctional melanocytic nevi

Junctional melanocytic nevi are usually round, flat and brown in colour. It is functional because it is in between the top layers of the skin dermis and epidermis.


Dermi melanocytic nevi

Dermi melanocytic nevi are usually a raised bump sometimes hair coming out of it and usually skin coloured or light brown. Usually, this mole is an eruptive one as it sticks out of the skin with sometimes hair coming out of it.

Atypical nevi or Clark Nevi or Dysplastic nevi

Atypical nevi or Clark nevi is a flat or a  bumpy mole which is usually large in size with irregular edges. This very unusual looking mole does not change over time.

Halo Nevi

The discolouration around the skin when this mole appears is what gives it the name Halo nevi, the skin around it loses its colour, and a white ring is formed around it. When the mole eventually fades away, the skin regains its natural colour.

Seborrheic keratoses are not moles but blemishes which is seen in more older people, they are raised warts that can be grey, brown, yellowish or black in colour most generally found in the tummy or the chest part of the body. Freckle is also not moles.

The treatment for these moles are generally harmless and can be surgically removed if found to be suspected of melanoma or is just bothersome while shaving or the mole is getting caught onto clothes causing discomfort. A mole extraction can include:

Shave excision

A technique used for small moles where the area around the mole is numb, and a small blade is used to cut around and under the mole. It is not an invasive surgery as even stitches are not required.

Excisional surgery

Also known as Excisional biopsy where the mole plus the skin around it is cut using a scalpel or a puncture device. This treatment is generally used when melanoma is detected in the early stages, and the mole has not grown and spread to different parts of the body. This kind of treatment requires sutures are it is a very invasive surgery.

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